Latin American cities have very diverse needs with regards to urban mobility. This is explained by the different urban fabrics generated over the years through different urban development trends. Some cities have large and concentrated populations, while in others urban sprawl is at the origin of low densities and consequently a high rate of private car usage. Regardless of the urbanisation model, most of the cities have in common peripheral areas inhabited by deprived populations that are distant and isolated from main commercial and employment areas, resulting in longer trips.
Every month, selected examples will allow you to learn more about new mobility projects that are transforming the reality of different cities in the region.
BRT in Mexico DF
Mexico DF, being one of the largest urban areas in Latin America with 6,200 km², is also the most populous city in the region. The Federal District (DF) is the capital of Mexico and has a population of 20,137,152 inhabitants in the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico, according to the latest official census. Most of them (about 60%) use public transport on a daily basis for work, education or leisure. The city’s public transport fleet consists of 15,000 conventional buses and trolleybuses, 355 articulated and bi-articulated buses, 50,000 mini-buses, 10,000 vans, 195,000 taxis and a 365km-long urban rail network.
By the end of 2013, five Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) lines were also in operation. The system, called Metrobus, gained rapid popularity and is considered to be one of the success stories of Mexico. The system began operation in 2005 with the Metrobus Line 1. Since then, one BRT corridor has been built every year reaching a total of 105km of bus corridors today. Parts of the system operate during rush hour with a 60-second headway carrying some 855,000 passengers per day on 5 lines!
This bus system has also played a key role in formalising the former bus sector, significantly contributing to improving the quality of urban transport as a whole.
Metrobus is the only transport system in Mexico DF to benefit from carbon credit sales. So far, it has raised MXN15,029,207 ($1,163,947), only with the carbon credit of Verified Emission Reductions (VERs) corresponding to five years of ‘Corredor Insurgente’ operation.
We appreciate the cooperation of UITP member: CISA - SA, the Metrobus operator.